Birth injuries affect thousands of families each year, and although some injuries can be treated successfully without impacting the child’s quality of life, others can be long-lasting.
Birth injuries arise from when a physician fails to do what is needed to protect the life of the unborn child or causes injury during the birthing process.
Here are Some of the Most Common Birth Injuries:
This injury causes inflammation of the membranes and causes fluid to accumulate around the spinal cord and brain. In newborns, the child can become irritable and experience stiffness in the neck. Parents notice a poor appetite and restlessness as well as fever and other complications.
Respiratory Distress Syndrome (RDS)
This is a lung disorder common in premature newborns, affecting about 10% of all premature children. This illness can cause the chest to retract, causing the child to experience difficulty breathing. The doctor has a duty to take certain preventive steps to make sure that the baby is safely delivered.
This is a medical condition that causes bleeding and a lump to form on the top of the baby’s head within hours of being delivered. The body may heal within weeks of the injury but in some cases, the child does not completely recover until they are three months old. If the healing process isn’t successful, the baby can develop jaundice and their immune system can be compromised.
This tool can cause bruising to the face and other parts of the body as the baby passes through the birth canal during delivery. The marks from the forceps can be temporary but, in some cases, forceps can cause deep lacerations to occur.
This can cause different types of birth injuries. Subconjunctival hemorrhage causes the blood vessels in the baby’s eyes to rupture. Facial paralysis occurs when a nerve is injured and is typically associated with forceps; surgery may be required for the baby to fully recover. Brachial palsy disturbs the function of the nerves in the arms and hands, making it difficult for the child to move their limbs freely.